Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), which is often thought of as a faster way to get justice, is one of the main options to the old court system. Despite the fact that society has long used a system like to ADR. Such a technique for resolving disputes existed in practically all ancient communities. Numerous mythical tales provide examples. The Panchayat system, which is currently being reconstructed into Lok Adalat, is one such pervasive example in contemporary Indian culture.
The main reason the Arbitration and Conciliation Act of 1996 was made was to help the Indian courts handle less work. This introduction gave arbitration and conciliation a chance to be seen as the best ways to settle a disagreement. Along with these two, negotiation and mediation are also considered forms of ADR, even though they are not ruled by laws. The ADR mechanism can be seen as a result of the desire to settle disputes peacefully, quickly, and effectively. The Directive Principles of State Policy in the Indian Constitution make it clear that India, as a welfare state, wants to give all of its citizens quick and fair justice. One thing to keep in mind about this option to the court system that works well is the problems that come with it.
The need for better conflict resolution methods is urgent in today’s world of globalisation and technology. Despite being relatively new, the ADR system will have a significant impact on the development of the legal system. Due to the urgency of today’s world, developed nations already favour these approaches for resolving disputes. Our society and government must see this need as well and address the drawbacks and difficulties of ADR as soon as possible in a constructive and more efficient manner.
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