Funding for Research: Why, When, and How?
Funding for Research: Why, When, and How?

Funding for Research: Why, When, and How?

Concept and execution are the two most critical elements of any research endeavor. The effective implementation of the investigation the success of a project is contingent not only on the researcher’s diligence but also on the infrastructure at hand to support the investigation. It is feasible to execute numerous research endeavors without relying on external funding, provided that the researcher or institution possesses the necessary infrastructure.

Acquiring proficiency in this is akin to mastering an art; our objective is to shed light on significant challenges encountered in the pursuit of research funding.

Why Is Research Funding Required?

It is feasible to publish research without receiving any outside financing; small-scale experimental research and observational research may be carried out without this support and produce valuable articles such as case reports, case series, observational studies, and small-scale experimental research.

The feasibility of conducting large-scale observational studies, randomized controlled trials, or multicentric studies within the confines of a Research & Development department or institution may be compromised, necessitating the acquisition of external funding.

What are the Funding Sources for Research?

Numerous governmental, national, and international funding organizations offer grants that are essential for research. Nevertheless, it is crucial to consider that the priorities of various funding agencies may differ with regard to the specific form of research being proposed.

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Procedure and Submission of the Research Grant Application

  1. The grant application process for research is both time-consuming and fruitful. The application process for a research grant consists of the following stages, each of which is mandatory but not required to be completed in a specific sequential fashion.
  2. Developing the concept and structure of the research. Specifics regarding the type of study, methodology, sampling, blinding, inclusion and exclusion criteria, statistical analysis outcome measurements, and study design should be incorporated.
  3. Identifying prospective grants by considering the application deadline, grant specifications, and available budget.
  4. Engaging in dialogue with co-investigators (collaborative partners) regarding the necessary supplies and apparatus.
  5. Formulating a budget proposal—The methodology and budget proposal are the two most essential components of any research proposal.
  6. Constructing a detailed proposal in accordance with the instructions provided in the grant document.
  7. The committee tasked with reviewing grant proposals may consist of members with diverse areas of expertise. Therefore, proposals should be composed in language that is accessible to the average person.

Financial Plan for the Research Grant

Initially, ascertain the financial constraint for the proposal and the fund requirements for the project. Failure to do so may result in the rejection of a commendable undertaking due to budgetary constraints. The budgetary structure should be meticulously planned, requesting only the minimum amount required for research activities. Administrative expenses associated with conducting the research should be factored in.

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The Finalization of a Research Endeavour

The initial section comprises a scientific report, analogous to composing a research paper, which ought to encompass all subheadings (literature review, materials and methods, results, conclusion with implications of the research), while the subsequent section comprises an expense report detailing expenditures, including budgetary adherence or deviation, justifications for any deviations, and expenditure breakdown.

To conclude, sufficient financial resources are critical for the execution of research. Obtaining a research grant is not only beneficial for a researcher’s career progression but also a matter of prestige.


Dr. Swapnila Roy
Associate Dean(R & D)
Lingaya’s Vidyapeeth
Top College in Delhi NCR


March 21, 2024

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